On June 24, we celebrate the day of the traditional Romanian. Get Romanian is a shirt worn by women, characteristic of the Romanian national port. It is made of white cloth of hemp, cotton, or borangic, and adorned with embroidery or lace. Depending on the area from which it comes, the traditional take differs through ornamentation, geometric motifs, decorative chromatics and many other elements.
Here's how it looks it is Romanian in different areas of the country:
Take the Romanian from Oltenia
In Mehedinti, one wears the shirts wrinkled around the neck, the other side, embroidered with red-black or black thread and sleeves with cuff. The old Oltenian shirts have wide sleeves, without cuffs. In embroidery, the simple contour point or frying pan is used, the cross point and the filling point.
Gorj wools are made from cotton woven in the house and are embroidered with yarn of silk, silk, golden or silver thread, and sequins matched to the thread with which the motifs were executed.
In the Valcea area, the shirt with the other is richly decorated with geometric and floral figures. The ribbon on the collar and the narrow cuffs on the sleeves are embroidered with identical motifs. The newer ones have very rich embroidery on the breasts, executed with the same motifs and colors as the other. In the older years it is the opposite, the motifs that decorate the breasts are different from those of the other.
In the Romanati area, it is specific it is Romanian with guleras and another, made up of gallons (woolen or silk laces) arranged transversely in which the motif of the letter "S" is repeated. The curl is decorated with elongated rhombuses, which also include smaller rhombuses.
The inhabitants of Dolj wear the classic, wrinkled at the neck, with another, freckled and narrow guleras, in the form of bentita. The embroidery is very fine and covers all parts of the jacket.
Popular port of Dobrogea, photo source: pinterest.com
Take the Romanian from Muntenia
The popular shirt for women from Muntenia is wrinkled around the neck, with a stripe, and the sleeve ends either with a bracelet or with a fist. The fist technique consists of blowing the sleeve end and covering it with embroidery executed on the thread, on the back of the material.
The hills in the Arges area are embroidered with geometric figures that repeat. The most common decorative motifs are the stylized fir leaf and the notches applied obliquely on a supporting rib.
In Dambovita, the flowers are decorated with symbolic and floral figures, applied on the sleeve below the ink, between the two rows in the form of a gallon.
The women of Breaza wear them with a specific local character, having crests under the collar and sleeves ornaments arranged in one or two horizontal bands.
The hills in the Ramnicu Sarat area are made of linen cloth combined with the hemp, following an old model, from the 18th century. The other is tailored separately, and the sleeve ends with a stripe embroidered on the back and embroidered on the front.
In the Vlasca area, the embroidery is very discreet, with geometric figures predominating: square, rhombus, rectangle. The sleeve ends with stripes and ruffles discreetly decorated with bibs (lace worked with needle or seam with corners).
The inhabitants of Teleorman are wearing a sober, richly decorated color scheme. The predominant colors are cherry, brown and pastel blue.
Romanian popular port of Muntenia, photo source: pinterest.com
The islands of Moldova, Dobrogea and Transylvania
From the chromatic point of view, it is Romanian worn in Suceava has sober, but pleasant colors: brown, brown, black, dark green. The one from Campulung abounds in decorative elements sewn with thick, curly, red and black thread.
Take from the Vrance area it is noticeable by a strong geometry, strong colors such as red, black, blue, green or ocher, but also by a special curved sleeve, which gives a spiral effect.
The specific shirts from Dobrogea, Banat, Oas, Maramures, Hunedoara, Saliste, Apuseni, Bihor, Nasaud and Tarnave each have a different personality. They are also made up of 4 sheets, but they also have special elements in the stitch: pin, fodor, plate. Ornamental seams are also specific to each area: in the sheet, hammers, drops, hangers or "over the elbow".
Popular port of Moldova, photo source: pinterest.com
Types of ii
There are two types of ii: the right T-shirt and the other shirt, curved around the neck.
The right shirt is made of three sheets of canvas or hemp combined with cotton, being worn during working days. The work shirt is not ornamented, the basic pieces being joined by the needle stitch, with sleeves having holes. In Moldova, we wear straight shirts made of wool cloth, considered particularly beautiful.
The shirt with the other, curled around the neck is a holiday shirt, richer ornamented. It is cut from four straight sheets of cloth, curved around the neck. Most of the ornaments are placed on the sleeves, the other and in the ink.
The other side is the upper part of the sleeve - the shoulder. In the old shirts, another is narrow and usually framed by a border.
The curl is a narrow portion of 5-8 cm, placed immediately below another. His initial role was to flex the sleeve to give the arm freedom to move. Today, ink has only an ornamental role. It works only with geometric motifs of white or light yellow. Often, women who make them use for silk yarn, which are brighter.
Ornaments in the form of streams (strips) are carried from incest to the cuff, being arranged vertically or obliquely. The sleeve ends with a wide cuff or a bracelet (narrow cuff). The ornaments on the chest are composed of vertical or oblique, complete or partial rivers (half rivers).
Another process of embellishing the chest is to cover the fabric with embroidery motifs similar to those of the other. The rich embroidery on the chest gives you a certain massiveness, but that can pay close attention to the natural grace of this piece of clothing.
The ornamental motifs found on them refer to abstract themes, concrete phenomena inspired by nature and different symbols. Depending on how they are stylized, we can talk about geometric motifs, freely drawn motifs, traditional or inherited motifs and modern motifs.